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Analysis of drag force characteristics of real trees with three different types of vegetation for bioshield in coast

Show simple item record Karunaratne, WMSS Tanaka, N Weerakoon, SB Yagisawa, J Jinadasa, KBSN 2013-11-19T15:26:24Z 2013-11-19T15:26:24Z 2013-11-19
dc.description.abstract This paper presents the experimental investigations on drag force characteristics of vegetation in mitigating the impact of tsunami and other surge effects by the resistance offered to the flow. The experiment was conducted in a laboratory towing tank of 50m x 2m x 2m. Three types of vegetation species used were the trees with small thin broad leaves (Wetakeyya), large broad leaves (Kottamba) and stick type leaves (Kasa). The drag force characteristics of the vegetations mainly depend on the differences in the distribution of foliation, different streamlining mechanism of the leaves against flow, the roughness and the shape of the tree trunk. Drag coefficient of vegetation varies with the flow velocity; the lower flow velocities show higher drag coefficients because of the maximum frontal projected area of the plant. The drag coefficients for the canopies show higher values for the Reynolds numbers less than 106. For canopies with large broad leaves (Kottamba), it ranges from 0.02 to 0.2. The drag coefficients for small thin broad leaves (Wetakeyya) and stick type leaves (Kasa) range from 0.1 to 1.7 and 0.18 to 0.7. Comparatively the drag coefficient of Wetakeyya is greater than Kottamba and Kasa at larger Reynolds numbers (Re > 106). Previous studies on vegetal drag are mainly focused on the single rigid cylinders and colony of rigid cylinders. The studies with single rigid cylinders show an almost linear relationship between drag force and square of the mean velocity of flow. However, the limited studies with natural flexible vegetation show a linear relationship between drag force and mean velocity. Drag coefficient for the trunks of above three types of trees were found less than the smooth cylinder for the region of Re > 60000. For this region the drag coefficient for Kasa trunk ranged in between 0.9 to 1.0 while for the smooth PVC pipe it ranged in between 1.2 – 1.4. For Kottamba it was in between 0.8 – 0.9 and for Wetakeyya it was around 0.6. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Vegetation en_US
dc.subject Drag Coefficient en_US
dc.subject Roughness en_US
dc.subject Foliation en_US
dc.subject Towing tank en_US
dc.subject Tsunami protection en_US
dc.title Analysis of drag force characteristics of real trees with three different types of vegetation for bioshield in coast en_US
dc.type Conference-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.year 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.conference International Conference on Sustainable Built Environments 2010 en_US Earl's Regency Hotel, Kandy. en_US
dc.identifier.proceeding Sustainable Built Environments en_US en_US en_US en_US en_US en_US

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