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Effect of physical tree characterisitcs and substrate Condition on maximum overturning moment

Show simple item record Yagisawa, J Tanaka, N Samarakoon, MB 2013-11-19T15:00:53Z 2013-11-19T15:00:53Z 2013-11-19
dc.description.abstract Effects of physical tree characteristics and soil shear strength on overturning moment due to flooding were investigated using Salix babylonica and Juglans ailanthifolia, exotic and invasive plants in Japanese rivers. Tree pulling experiments were conducted, and the resulting damage was examined in order to assess the effects of physical tree characteristics on the maximum overturning moment (Mmax). In situ soil shear strength tests were conducted in order to measure soil strength parameters. The effects of species differences on the Mmax were examined by analysis of the root architecture. S. babylonica has a heart-root system that produces a greater overturning moment due to the strong root anchorage and the large amount of substrate that must be mobilized during overturning. J. ailanthifolia has a plate-root system that produces a smaller overturning moment. However, trees with the plate-root system may withstand overturning better due to an increased root:shoot ratio. Considering the strategy of J. ailanthifolia to increase the root:shoot ratio for anchoring in the substrate, the trunk volume index (height*Dbh 2) is a better parameter than Dbh 2 because it indirectly involves the difference in belowground volume and surface area. Different soil cohesion values were found at different experimental sites, and the average Mmax for overturning each species decreased linearly with increasing soil cohesion. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Tree pulling test en_US
dc.subject Root architecture en_US
dc.subject Soil shear strength en_US
dc.subject Maximum overturning moment en_US
dc.subject Salix babylonica en_US
dc.subject Juglans ailanthifoila en_US
dc.title Effect of physical tree characterisitcs and substrate Condition on maximum overturning moment en_US
dc.type Conference-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.year 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.conference International Conference on Sustainable Built Environments 2010 en_US Earl's Regency Hotel, Kandy. en_US
dc.identifier.proceeding Sustainable Built Environments en_US en_US en_US en_US

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