Institutional-Repository, University of Moratuwa.  

Strategies for adopting new trends in wind load evaluation on structures

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Jayasinghe, MTR Weerasuriya, AU 2011-05-14T08:05:28Z 2011-05-14T08:05:28Z
dc.description CD-ROM included ; A thesis submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering for the MSc in Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.abstract With respect to the other disciplines of Engineering, Wind Engineering is at its premature state in Sri Lanka. The only mandatory document available in Sri Lanka is the design manual, named as “Design buildings for high winds-Sri Lanka”, which generally covers the construction methods and techniques that can be used to improve the wind resistance ability of low-rise buildings. Since Sri Lanka does not possess its own wind loading standards, the common practice is to utilize various international wind loading standards and the most widely used is CP 3 Chapter V Part 2:1972.As many countries in the world, Sri Lanka also has a trend to construct high-rise building at its city centres, especially in the city of Colombo. In this context, the designers as well as regulating bodies face many problems, such as non-uniformity among wind load calculations, lack of verification for the methods and factors that are given in different standards, when utilize in Sri Lankan context, uncertainty of the achieved risk levels for load combinations with load factors, etc. Therefore, it is worthwhile to produce at least a document, which can guide the practice engineers to properly select and subsidize a utilize standard for design.CP3 Chapter V-Part 2:1972, AS 1170.2:1989, AS/NZS 1170.2:2002, BS 6399.2:1997 and BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 are the codes and standards that have been used in this particular study. These codes are selected, by considering many factors such as previous practice in Sri Lanka, available data, new technologies, method and factors proposed in the recent times in the wind engineering etc. Wind loads derived from above five standards were applied in two buildings with different heights, which are 48 m and 183 m in height to cover both static and dynamic analysis methods given in wind loading standards. Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) Techniques have been used to evaluate the various strategies adopting by different standards such as division – by – parts rule given in British and Euro codes.From the studies carried out in this research, it can be noted that the two types of wind speed values as defined in wind loading manual can be used to design law rise and high rise buildings within certain accepted risk levels. Further, it is recommended to apply windward and leeward pressures separately to evaluate wind induce forces in structural members of a building. The discrepancies among CP3 Chapter V – Part 2:1972 and other selected standards have been evaluated by the means of structural vi forces in columns, beams, concrete shells and base reactions and results are shown as normalised forces with respective to load obtained from CP3 Chapter V – Part 2:1972. The behaviour of the two buildings at serviceability limit condition was evaluatedby using both acceleration and drift index values according to selected standards.Final observations and recommendations would lead practise engineers to select one of these wind loading standards for making a building with more wind resistant capabilities and higher satisfaction in comfort levels to its occupants.
dc.format.extent xiv, 232p. : ill. (some col.) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING - Thesis
dc.subject WIND EFFECTS
dc.subject BUILDINGS - Wind Stresses
dc.subject STRUCTURAL DESIGN - Wind Effects
dc.title Strategies for adopting new trends in wind load evaluation on structures
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2010-12
dc.identifier.accno 96390 en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record