Show simple item record Hemaratne, JDKG 2011-03-31T04:09:32Z 2011-03-31T04:09:32Z
dc.description.abstract In Sri Lankan National Electricity Grid, severe voltage fluctuations have been noticed in the Grid Substation auxiliary supply. The auxiliary supply is quantitatively 20CkVA, but very important to keep in good health because it provides power to all substation equipment installed in GSSs, such as battery charger units and power supply modules for various types of protective monitoring and measuring instruments. Due to these fluctuations, not only the protective equipment, but also the small power equipment such as computers, Air conditioners and substation lights are also had frequent failures. It is observed all these failures to the equipment and substation lights have been experiencedjust after the tr pping of feeders due to an earth fault.// The objective of the research is to analyze the problem of voltage fluctuations in the auxiliary supply in Grid Substations and find the possible remedies. The studies presented in this report are mainly focused on the Earthing Transformer, which provides the power to the Auxiliary equipments. The earthing transformers in bulk of the GSSs are a Zig-Zag wound transformer with an low voltage auxiliary winding.// Unfortunately, there are no models for Zig-Zag transformer readily available for simulation of the problem using computer software. Therefore the purpose of simulation of the problem in this report is mainly based on a Prototype transformer, which was wound specifically for the purpose.// The possible cause to the voltage surges experienced in the auxiliary supply at an earth fault is due to the extra flux in the grounding transformer limbs and the leakage flux of primary windings directly influencing the auxiliary winding, resulting an extra voltage induced in the auxiliary winding. The arrangement of the winding in each limb has made a huge impact on the problem.// The integration of two functions has created a negative impact on the performance of the transformer. As a solution, firstly, this report suggest to split the two functions integrated in the grounding transformer i e use separate transformer for grounding the 33kV side of the GSS and an other separate transformer for auxiliary and control supply for the GSS. Secondly, re-arrange the windings in such a way that the no resultant flux induces due to the fault current injected into the neutral of the grounding transformer
dc.format.extent 53p. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Analysing of voltage surges in grid substation auxiliary supply
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Electrical Engineering en_US 2004-01
dc.identifier.accno 79597 en_US

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