Show simple item record Bulathsinhala, DH 2011-03-30T08:25:39Z 2011-03-30T08:25:39Z
dc.description Degree : MEng. in Water Resources Engineering and Management en_US
dc.description.abstract The network of about 15 meteorological stations in Sri Lanka provides the baseline temperature data upon which most hematological studies are based. Since the data serve many primary users both local and foreign each year, and untold secondary users, quality control is an important consideration/ The quality of the monthly temperature data at the main stations of the Sri lanka Department of Meteorology and Agriculture were evaluated based on station histories, comparison with other stations and internal consistency of the data The Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) has previously carried out such quality control for 11 Sri Lankan stations 15 stations, each of which were of a longer duration than used in the GHCN analysis The data that failed to pass the quality control based on multiple checks and consistency of statistical relationships of mean temperature among the different stations were discarded. An estimate has been constructed for the temperature record for each station based on its best-correlated stations alone. The comparison of the actual and constructed data brings out shifts in mean and variance and a technique to adjust the data has been formatted There have been several relocations of stations and changes of instrumentation that caused these shifts Overall, the dataset resulting from this work is more comprehensive while meeting all the standards used in the GHCN work/ The present quality control leads to a much smaller set of data being discarded It is found that major inconsistencies are present in the nineteenth century records of several stations Effective use of available water resources is a serious problem facing the world as it enters the 2P' century An important source of concern in water resources management is the occurrence of severe and sustained droughts that deplete reservoir storage to dangerous levels. Such droughts are often associated with low frequency climatic fluctuations, such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)./ Forecasting future reservoir inflows or rainfall requires an understanding of the nature and causes of climatic variability. There have been significant advances in physically based models of the climatic and hydrologic systems in recent decades. However their operational utility beyond a few days or weeks, and accuracy of their forecasts remain rather limited. /Consequently, where long historical records of the variables of interest are available, statistical approaches could provide a basis for useful seasonal to inter annual flow forecasts Identification of the oceanic or atmospheric variables that fun useful predictors of rainfall is an important step in developing a long-term forecasting model. Third chapter is of a study to develop a framework for rainfall probabilistic forecasting using available climatic information.
dc.format.extent 66p. : ill., graphs en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Civil Engineering-Thesis ;
dc.subject Climate Forecasts ;
dc.subject Water and Environmental Management
dc.title Seasonal climate forecasts for water and environmental management
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2003-12
dc.identifier.accno 82463 en_US

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