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Identification of a methodology for reduction of non revenue water & improvement of pipe borne water service in Colombo city

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dc.contributor.advisor Ratnayake , N Devaraja, SS 2011-03-07T03:31:40Z 2011-03-07T03:31:40Z
dc.description A Disserta submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering for the MSc in Environmnetal Engineering and Management en_US
dc.description.abstract Colombo City being located in the wet zone of Sri Lanka cannot be considered a water-stressed area. However there is an ever-increasing demand for drinking water supply, due to the increase in population and the rapid development of the area. Colombo City receives 66mgd of treated water but the records could account for revenue only 30.48mgd and 8mgd as free, thus showing a gross Unaccounted For Water (1FW) percentage of 42. Colombo City also recorded one of the highest percentages of Non Revenue Water (54%) in the region mainly due to the deteriorated distribution system and associated problems. Most of the pipelines in the distribution system are encrusted and experience frequent leakages which resulted in low pressure zones. This situation created consumer dissatisfaction and development restriction in the city. In this thesis, the author discusses the benefits of NRW reduction the selection of appropriate methodology for water loss management and shows how such benefits can be achieved by applying the developed methodologies to a pilot area of the city. The Author obtained knowledge of various methods by reviewing of case studies and research papers from various countries seminars and donor agencies. An analysis of the Colombo City Water Distribution System showed that 67.6% of pipes comprised with more than 60 years old. encrusted CI pipes and the major factors contributing to NRW are leakages, illegal consumption free water supply and administration losses such as estimated bills water meter errors, human errors etc. Under the pilot scale study, initially the main causes of NRW were identified and more attention was paid to the most significant causes. After studying various strategies "part to whole method was selected as more appropriate to reduce NRW in the pilot area. Accordingly small areas or road stretches were isolated and causes that create NRW were reduced. Implementation of this exercise to cover the entire pilot area helped to reduce NRW by a considerable quantity. In addition to the above pilot scale study further studies were made via IWA water loss management concepts distribution management decentralization and integrated water loss management concepts, economical water loss management with or without smaller diameter deteriorated pipe replacement and improved hydraulics in large pipes preventive maintenance of distribution system and finally target setting for achievement of millennium development goals etc. After implementation of this exercise on water loss management, it shows that fixing of responsibility with proper directions and commitment interest with awareness of all staff members top to bottom is importanl,to ensure positive results and to provide reliable and customer satisfactory service. The aim of the research was to develop appropriate method with strategic framework for water loss management. The method adopted for water loss management is different from country to country city to city and place to place depending on factors such as the condition of infrastructur:maintenance practices resource availability and institutional frame work etc. The shor and long term strategies developed for water loss management for Colombo City could be applied Q similar cities in developing countries.
dc.format.extent xiii, 118, [25]p. : ill. (some col.), maps en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING - Dissertation
dc.subject WATER SUPPLY
dc.title Identification of a methodology for reduction of non revenue water & improvement of pipe borne water service in Colombo city
dc.type Thesis-Full-text
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2010-02
dc.identifier.accno 95707 en_US

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