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Socio-economic impacts of rural electrification in western region of Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Halwatura, R Gunatilake, RKPS 2012-10-24T12:39:46Z 2012-10-24T12:39:46Z
dc.description.abstract Electricity plays a key role in economic and social development of a country. In developing countries, providing all citizens access to modern forms of energy, especially electricity is among the central energy policy objectives. The nexus between modern energy services and human development are widely recognized. By 2010 only 85% of the population of Sri Lanka had direct access to grid electricity. The intention of development in rural electrification was to provide household benefits, improvement in health services, improvement to education, community benefits, incentive to build houses and improvement to small industries and small commercial activities within the rural community. Further, to achieve the goal of self sufficiency and uplifting the national economy. However time has come to review the socio-economic impacts on rural communities by having access to standard national energy supply to understand the current issues after electrification. Whether the development intended has been achieved, if not what further actions to be taken to get the maximum benefits over this huge investment. In this study, some of the rural villages in Kalutara District were focused to identify the impact on access to grid electricity. It was evident that the households were extremely satisfied with grid electricity service that has replaced their kerosene lamps and solar home systems which had been providing their lighting requirements. Longer study hours of children, longer television watching hours for the family and elimination of dirty and hazardous kerosene lamp has improved their quality of life. Migration to urban areas is almost eliminated. But it was revealed that no significant use of electricity for income generating activities such as agriculture, food processing, small industries and small commercial activities are taking place and no authority has touched the valuable source of energy for rural industry and commercial activity development. It is concluded that the large scale penetration of grid electricity has helped the rural communities in terms of improved socio-economic conditions and bring the modernity to the village. But the country needs to seriously examine its options to motivate, train, and technically assist to rural communities to promote agro-based industries and commercial activities in rural areas. Thereby providing the maximum benefits for the rural communities by electrification and maintaining a healthy and evenly loaded power system throughout the day.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Socio-economic impacts of rural electrification in western region of Sri Lanka
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MBA en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2011
dc.identifier.accno 102843 en_US

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