Show simple item record Batagoda, JH 2012-04-26T12:00:16Z 2012-04-26T12:00:16Z
dc.description.abstract It is a well known fact that people spend 80 – 90% of their time indoors while living, working and commuting. It has also been recognized that the energy consumption in building ventilation represents a significant portion (30 – 60%) of total energy requirement for building operation. There is a conflict between the need to provide better Indoor air quality (IAQ) and to reduce the energy consumption for building ventilation. The ideal solution for this situation could be to improve IAQ with energy efficient ventilation design. In Sri Lanka, most of the houses are designed with passive techniques to maintain the indoor thermal comfort. The number of hazardous air pollutants CO2, CO, SO2, NO2, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), PM10, and PM2.5 are on the rise in ambient air, which could make an impact on human health based on different concentrations present in the building. The blame lies to a certain extent on unroadworthy vehicles emitting noxious fumes and to lesser extent on higher density developments that reduces the green cover. CO2 concentration, although it is a non toxic, can be a direct indication of the ventilation system of the building. Longer exposure to higher CO2 When buildings are constructed, various activities can contribute to lower the quality of air. It can occur at different stages of the construction. It can also occur when the building is in use due to building materials used or due to main activities such as cooking, burning garbage, chemicals used in maintenance etc. building ventilation system plays a vital role in maintaining a health indoor environment with better living conditions and indoor air quality. concentrations can also cause discomfort for the occupants. The study presented in this report includes how the building planning aspects can affect the indoor environment of a building. The main factors considered were the CO2 concentration and the ventilation design of the building. Under this, area of the openings (void area) of the building was considered as a measure of ventilation. Measurements were taken in residential buildings with varying openings (void) to wall area ratios and openings (void) to Floor area of the selected activity spaces. CO2 concentration was measured and related with the ventilation design of the space in both free running and air conditioned buildings.he other parameters considered in the study are the indoor SO2 concentration, NO2 As the main findings, the building planning aspects were found to be very important in minimizing the bad effect of pollutants, by diluting the higher pollutant concentrations by providing openings considering wind direction and orientation of the building. Area of the openings in excess of what is provided in the building regulations can improve the ventilation system in a free running building. The operating practices on ventilation system have to be given equal importance as the ventilation design. This has been found as a major factor for a healthy indoor environment. concentration, temperature and relative humidity varying with relevant factors. The factors considered are the type of cooking fuel, vehicle emission coming from the nearby roads, wind speed and the dilution effects of pollutants and also the effect of microclimate on the indoor environment. Considering cooking fuel out of the varieties used in Sri Lanka, fire wood can produce higher SO2, NO2, and even higher CO2 concentrations at the start of the fire. If ventilation system of the kitchen is not operated properly, the situation can become worse with higher pollutant levels persisting for a longer duration. When the coconut husk, leaves and other plant matter is used in the cooking fire, very high SO2 and NO2 Although slightly high SO values were recorded. Therefore, it is proposed to avoid such material used in the fire. 2 values were observed close to the roads, the dispersion rates are high so that indoor environments are not much affected yet. However, precautions should be taken to introduce cleaner vehicle fuel since a good outdoor air quality is essential for acceptable indoor air quality in free running buildings. It is also important to create better microclimates around the houses not only to act as barriers to the emissions from the vehicle fuel, also it helps to cool down the indoor environment by lowering the temperature by 1.00 to 2.0 0C
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING - Thesis ; BUILDINGS - Air Quality
dc.title Indoor air quality in residential buildings and planning aspects
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2011
dc.identifier.accno 100839 en_US

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