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Effectiveness of emulsion explosives in quarrying in high grade metamorphic rocks in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Weerawarnakula, S
dc.contributor.advisor Hemalal, PVA Pathirana, KPR 2020-03-06T04:14:14Z 2020-03-06T04:14:14Z 2017-06
dc.description.abstract In mining, blasting is the predominant method adopted for breaking consolidated rocks with the main objectives being extraction of minerals at minimum cost with minimum damage to the environment. Explosive is a compound or a mixture of compound which is capable of undergoing extremely rapid decomposition with deflagration or detonation. When the explosive reaction takes place radial cracks are form by as a result of detonation pressure with fragmentations followed by gas pressure. The optimization of explosive usage in Sri Lankan metamorphic rock is the main objective of this research. The detonation velocity of the explosive should match, as closely as possible, the sonic velocity of the rock to be blasted of rock. The rock's sonic velocity is a reliable indicator of its structural integrity and resistance to fragmentation. With varying rock types, sonic velocities vary with varying structural formations. Aggregate impact value is one parameter of hardness of rock. This study is conducted by considering the aggregate impact value as the indicator of hardness of rock. Test is planned, keeping blasting parameters constant namely hole diameter, explosives charge, burden, spacing and stemming against the different rock types with different aggregate impact values. The efficient use of explosives, along with the proper selection, will be the key to a successful blasting program. After comparison of the results of production rock volume and fragmentation formulate the explosives usage to get the optimum results that how explosives behave with the different rock types with different aggregate impact values or hardness. Dautrich method is the first time practically used in Sri Lankan field to determine the velocity of detonation of emulsion explosives in this research. This method is indirect field test method for suggesting VOD of explosives and the determination of the VOD is based on the fact that processes that propagate at different linear velocities travel different distance, in the same time interval. According to the blast results harder rocks fragmented with emulsion explosives, higher production volume were obtained than less hardness rocks. Increasing the hardness, increasing the production rock volume. Therefore, the relationship with hardness of rock and emulsion explosives usage is observed. Fly rock throw is more important to safety of blasting. This research indicates that fly rock distance is higher with AIV values more than 27. This result clearly indicates that emulsion explosives is very suitable for Sri Lankan metamorphic hard rocks. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Earth Resources Engineering en_US
dc.subject Mining And Mineral Exploration en_US
dc.subject Metamorphic rocks en_US
dc.subject Emulsion Explosives en_US
dc.title Effectiveness of emulsion explosives in quarrying in high grade metamorphic rocks in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US M.Sc in Mining and Mineral Exploration en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Earth Resource Engineering en_US 2017-06
dc.identifier.accno TH3379 en_US

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