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Study the effect of vehicle composition on saturation flow at signalized intersections

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dc.contributor.advisor Bandara, JMSJ Pererai, PDR 2019-10-15T09:39:23Z 2019-10-15T09:39:23Z
dc.description.abstract Signalized intersections are an essential component of a road network in urban areas where the traffic congestion has been a severe problem. Capacity is the most important factor which used for designing the signalized intersections and saturation flow rate plays an important role in determining the capacity. Therefore, saturation flow can be considered as an important parameter which is used for the planning, designing and controlling a signalized intersection. It is required to obtain the accurate saturation flow rate values to control and designing the signal timing efficiently and effectively. Many countries had executed researches regarding the saturation flow rates to suit their traffic conditions and identified the major factors which affects to the saturation flow which might be not suited for our local traffic conditions. Sri Lanka is a developing country and it is experiencing a rapid urbanization in all cities. As a result, road traffic is subjected to growing rapidly and the traffic movement has become quite complex due to all type of vehicles are sharing the same carriageway. In addition to that, those mixed traffic consist of slow moving and fast moving vehicles and vary with the size and vary with static and dynamic characteristics and maneuverability as well. With this study, it can be identified that this heterogeneous traffic condition is one of the major factor which affects the variation of the saturation flow. Large number of motorcycles and three-wheelers can be seen in the traffic stream of the signalized intersections. The objective of this study was to collect a large sample of field measurements and identify the way of pattern of varying the saturation flow with the mixed traffic condition. In that point of view, correlation was calculated with each vehicle types with the saturation flow. From the analysis, it was found that high percentage of motorcycles and three-wheelers increase the saturation flow and high percentage of heavy vehicle and cars decrease the saturation flow. Generally passenger car units (PCU) were assigned to various type of vehicles in this heterogeneous traffic condition in order to regularize the capacity calculation in a common base. However with this study it was clear that those values cannot be used as fixed values and that values also vary with the static and dynamic characteristic of those vehicles. By considering all those facts it is clear that PCU values and saturation flow rates which uses for the signal timing calculation should be reviewed and corrected to suit with the local traffic condition. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Signalized intersection en_US
dc.subject Saturation flow en_US
dc.subject Capacity en_US
dc.subject Mixed traffic en_US
dc.subject Correlation en_US
dc.title Study the effect of vehicle composition on saturation flow at signalized intersections en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US M.Eng. in Highway & Traffic Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2018-10
dc.identifier.accno TH3718 en_US

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