Show simple item record Ratnayake, N Jayatilake, IN 1996T08:13:09Z 1996T08:13:09Z
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to get an understanding of the transport of contaminants in a water distribution system, using the Model EPANET, in order to meet water quality regulations and customer expectations. For the application of the model a rural water supply system , having two probable water sources, an elevated tank, three schools and a hospital was selected. The transport of a conservative substance introduced at source, within the system was analysed by varying the hydraulic and water quality parameters for a predetermined demand pattern. The model was also used to design an effective operating program in a two-source distribution system in which pumping schedules were changed to get the contaminant levels below the maximum permissible values. Another application that was studied was the travel of a contaminant introduced at a point in the distribution system other than the source. Here, the study was confined to the behaviour of a conservative trace introduced at the hospital node. Finally, the behaviour of a non conservative substance entering the system at source was studied. Here the substance considered was residual chlorine, and the decay of the residual chlorine introduced at the source with time and distance was studied. This is helpful in determining the lowest residual chiorine levels in the system, which h, a useful parameter in maintaining a safe water supply. It was revealed that, under-average demand conditions, time, of travel of ? contaminant to any point within the distribution system is the same irrespective of the contaminant concentration, and also it was observed that, if the contaminant is removed promptly the maximum concentration appearing at the nodes in the distribution system can be reduced to a great extent. Thus it was concluded that close monitoring of the source is extremely important in protecting the water supply from contamination.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Water Piping Systems en_US
dc.subject WAater Pipelings en_US
dc.title Study of transport of contaminants in a pipe network using model Epanet en_US
dc.type Article-Full-text
dc.type Article-Full-text
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.accno 66335 en_US
dc.identifier.year 1996 en_US

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