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A study of the significance of attachment to place and sense of home among refugees in the recovry process

Show simple item record Dayarathne, R 2019-05-10T03:59:08Z 2019-05-10T03:59:08Z
dc.description.abstract This research was aimed at understanding two specific socio-psychological spatial concepts that are considered to be central to the trauma of the displaced people. It was expected that by understanding the nature of these concepts and how they persist among the Internally Displaced People (EDPs) of Sri Lanka, it would be possible to determine the way in which these attributes a. Contribute to the trauma that is prevalent among the EDPS. b. Can be employed as a strategy to enable the recovery process c. Can be articulated in the Design of new settlements, Resettlements or Rehabilitation of the Old settlements. The issue: It is now well known, that Sri Lanka carries a large population of Internally Displaced People (IDP) resulting from the war in the North. Generally referred to as refugees, they are usually temporarily settled in camps, schools and other public buildings when a crisis occurs and subsequently moved from there to new locations where either welfare camps or welfare centers will be managed to contain the problem of aggravated trauma resulting from displacement. Generally, the EDPS are provided with the basic amenities to live; food, lodging and health care facilities. Since the confrontations have persisted so long and that there are no signs of the war ending and thus the possibilities of returning the refugees, most often, they are either retained at the welfare centers or settled in new locations in new settlements. However, it is known that the EDPS suffer from the trauma of displacement as much as from the agony of not being able to reestablish themselves in the new locations. Part of the reason for the continued trauma and agony is believed to be the lack of opportunities provided in the resettled settlements for the anchorage and re-creation of sense of place and home which are considered crucial socio-psychological spatial forces that drive people particularly when displaced. In the re-settlement programmes or welfare approaches to such re-settlement programmes however, such understanding is rare if not almost absent and therefore the plans for new settlements are devoid of characteristics that can be supportive for the recovery from the trauma of displacement. It is generally believed by the welfare providers in these situations, that since the people hopelessly helpless, providing some help to manage their lives are sufficient. Also, providing anything beyond the bare minimum is considered luxury and not affordable. In this respect, considerations of issues such as the lack of sense of place and home are considered extravagences which can be thought of once when some settling has happened and immediate ‘problem’ of housing is resolved. While there is some practical sense in this approach it is seen that to consider the issues of lack of sense of place and home as exuberant extravagence is wrong. Further, making opportunities for such do not demand extra finance or resources but an understanding and therefore a way of creating those opportunities in environmental facilities already given. Therefore, if this understanding can be generated and made available to the designers of the new settlements, it is believed that such built-environments can be more meaningful and appropriate to the IDPS and indeed enable the recovery from the trauma of displacement and the subsequent construction of healthy built-environments. At the same time, there is also the likelihood that if and when the war ends, many of the IDPS would return ‘home’ and rebuild their ‘places’. Then, the same issues will re-emerge as essential driving forces of occupation possession and adoption of these destroyed places and homes as that of their own and having to nurture them as places of attachment. There, the issue emerges differently since for a long period of time the IDPS have lived displaced and thus have built-up new sense of attachment to new places. The issue of attachment to place and home are thus complex but exists undeniably at the center of the issue of displacement resettlement and rehabilitation
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Research Report en_US
dc.subject Camps en_US
dc.subject Refuges en_US
dc.title A study of the significance of attachment to place and sense of home among refugees in the recovry process en_US
dc.type SRC-Report en_US
dc.identifier.accno 72441 en_US
dc.identifier.year 2000 en_US

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