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Modelling of lighting surge propagation in railway track and propose an effective protection system

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dc.contributor.advisor Rodrigo, A Jayatunga, WI 2018-08-08T20:06:29Z 2018-08-08T20:06:29Z
dc.description.abstract The Signalling Network is considered as the brain of the Railway Department, which ensures the safety of the train operations as well as for enhancement of the capacity of trains in the network. The track circuit is the basic logic circuit, which uses in all the other major circuits for selecting and locking routes for trains. Since these track circuits are directly connecting to the rails, it is critically important to protect those track circuits and other expensive equipment connected via track circuits from direct and indirect lightning surges through rails. Rails are the main invasion path of lightning surge into the railway signalling system.So far, the railway department has not properly standardized the surge protection devices attached to the signalling system and it directly affects the railway operations and train delays, which may cause social disruption. Since it is among the major concerns of the signal department is struggling with; this thesis addressed the issue by analysing characteristics of the rail and connected circuit components and all possible paths where surges can be entered into the system. Simulation has done by using the rail model prepared using PSCAD software and ground test results were validated with them.Direct and indirect surge currents were calculated theoretically for 50 kA, 100 kA and 200 kA surges of 10/350 μS and 8/20 μS by applying the calculated surge currents to the above rail model. Induced surge currents of injected rail and induction rail were obtained graphically for different rail lengths. Finally, by analysing all above results and protection levels of different surge protecting devices, this thesis suggests Category A type surge-protecting device according to IEEE C62.41.2 standard as the best suitable and economical type for including in the track circuits to avoid damages through surge currents via rail lines en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Track circuit en_US
dc.subject Surge current en_US
dc.subject Surge Protecting Devices en_US
dc.subject Induced rail en_US
dc.subject Induction rail en_US
dc.subject Rail characteristics en_US
dc.subject PSCAD en_US
dc.title Modelling of lighting surge propagation in railway track and propose an effective protection system en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Science in Electrical Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Electrical Engineering en_US 2018-05
dc.identifier.accno TH3592 en_US

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