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Standardization of friction cords and its application in rubber formulation technology

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dc.contributor.advisor Gunapala, O, Ahugammana, K.T.P.M. 2018-06-12T21:24:13Z 2018-06-12T21:24:13Z
dc.description.abstract Dramatic growth in both the use and manufacturing of pneumatic tires including car, bus, truck and airplane tires have led to the accumulation of calendering scraps referred to as unvulcanized rubber friction in junkyards where they pose a fire threat and breeding sites for animals including rodents and insects spreading various diseases. These scraps appeared in bulky nature were subjected to a size reduction process in order to produce friction cords. Since calender scraps cannot undergo natural degradation, piling up of them causes definitely a huge environmental problem. Environment is benefited greatly by reusing these materials as friction cords. Additionally, rubber products manufacturers use friction cords in blends by incorporating them into their rubber compounds. Friction cords are manufactured from leftover materials and as a result they are definitely a cheap product at the market. This results in lowering the final cost of products manufactured by blending friction cords. Six samples of friction cords collected from each bulky material were tested for basic physical properties including specific gravity, hardness, tensile strength, elongation at break, moisture content and rheological properties such as ts2, tc90, ML and MH. Results obtained showed that each and every property of each bulky material varied and that variation occurred from one material to the other. Therefore the main objective of this study was to standardize friction cords by physically mixing one material with the other in different weight proportions. Results obtained for each blend/mixer showed that all tested properties including specific gravity, hardness, tensile strength, elongation at break and moisture content could be controlled within the required range and it was concluded that friction cords can be standardized by mixing them at different weight ratios. In addition, variation in rheological, physical and mechanical properties of fiber filled rubber compounds were studied by replacing nylon flocks partially and completely with friction cords. Results obtained showed that minimum torque, scorch time (t10), optimum cure time (tc90) decreased with the addition of increased quantity of friction cords. However, maximum torque increased with increased loading of friction cords. There was no significant change in specific gravity and elongation at break. But hardness modulus at 100 % elongation, tensile strength gradually increased with the addition of friction cords. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Friction cords en_US
dc.subject short fibers en_US
dc.subject standardization en_US
dc.subject rheological en_US
dc.subject physical and mechanical properties en_US
dc.title Standardization of friction cords and its application in rubber formulation technology en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Polymer Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of chemical and process engineering en_US 2017-01
dc.identifier.accno TH3452 en_US

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