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Multicriteria decision modelling for management of water supply system in the piliyandala – kesbewa water supply system, colombo district, sri lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Wijesekera, N.T.S Kumari, T.K.N.K 2018-06-08T23:56:19Z 2018-06-08T23:56:19Z
dc.description.abstract Twenty Two management zones spatially distributed in the Piliyandala – Kesbewa Water Supply System (WSS) undergo problems such as frequent pipe bursting, scaling in old pipes, Non Revenue Water (NRW) issues and pressure drops. Importance of managing a water supply system is to provide sustainable water supply with acceptable quality at an affordable price in order to match stakeholder requirements. Managing a water supply system requires a careful consideration of organizational expectations, stakeholder requirements and system sustenance needs etc. Therefore a multicriteria decision support model is most appropriate to manage a water supply system. Piliyandala – Kesbewa WSS (32 km2) was selected as a case study to investigate the applicability of a multicriteria decision model. The Piliyandala – Kesbewa WSS has 24,309 connections for an approximate population of 106,960.The present work identified management concerns, evaluated the present prioritisation techniques, and developed a Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) model framework in order to manage the Piliyandala – Kesbewa Water Supply System. A literature survey and a questionnaire survey among a sample of 78 water supply area management engineers enabled the identification of four main criteria and 15 sub criteria as the model components fulfilling water supply system management objectives.Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) was selected because it provides measures of judgement consistency, derives priorities among criteria and alternatives, while simplifying the determination of preference ratings among decision criteria with the use of pairwise comparisons. Main water supply system management parameters were identified and refined using a survey among experienced water supply system managers. MCDA models were developed for Overall Management objectives. Model calibration identified weights of 0.64, 0.20, 0.07 and 0.09 respectively for the main criteria namely, Income Generation, System Sustainability, System Losses and System Reliability. Entire set of sub criteria supporting the main set were identified as New Connections, Bill Collection, Operation & Maintenance, Salaries & Overtime, Transport, Non Revenue Water, Low Pressure, No water, Water Quality, Defective Meters, Leaks of Mains, Leaks of Water Connections, Leaks near Meter, Night Time Leaks, and Stop Valve Leaks. Respective sub parameter weights were 0.317, 0.326, 0.142, 0.046, 0.012, 0.064, 0.016, 0.020, 0.024, 0.009, 0.011, 0.004, 0.003, 0.004, and 0.002.MCDA model with main and sub criteria together with 22 management zones, provided a priority order for overall management. Model verification compared the MCDA priority order with the management priority at field level. The trend line showing the spatial variability of priority from MCDA model closely matched with the Area Engineer’s prioritisation exhibiting the satisfactory level of model verification. The AHP model incorporating stakeholder pairwise combinations revealed that average of stakeholder preferences would be a satisfactory starting indicator of the success of MCDA model development.Priority order of overall management is obtained for management zones. Field identified priority indicators of each management zone differed from the AHP model indicators demonstrating a lack of guidelines for the management at field level and the lack of a clear link of objectives at various levels of management. Very low priority for System Losses and System Reliability reflects a deficiency in System Management.MCDA model hierarchy and weights provide a clear indication for water supply organisations to evaluate whether management objectives are suitably achieved during system operations. This research clearly demonstrated the suitability and method of development of a AHP Multicriteria Decision Model for Water Supply System Management. However it is recommended to carryout similar studies at other systems while addressing the weaknesses with respect to the guidelines and stakeholder assessments. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Criteria en_US
dc.subject Stakeholder Assessment en_US
dc.subject Multicriteria Model en_US
dc.subject AHP en_US
dc.subject MCDA en_US
dc.subject Water Supply System en_US
dc.subject Water Management Options en_US
dc.title Multicriteria decision modelling for management of water supply system in the piliyandala – kesbewa water supply system, colombo district, sri lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Science in Water Resources Engineering and Management en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2015-10
dc.identifier.accno TH3414 en_US

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