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Processing vein quartz in Badulla area to suit manufacturing chemically reinforced glasses

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dc.contributor.author Pathirage, SS
dc.contributor.author Hemalal, PVA
dc.contributor.author Rohitha, LPS
dc.contributor.author Siriwardhana, YPS
dc.contributor.author Ratnayake, NP
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-31T20:04:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-31T20:04:40Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/12844
dc.description.abstract Chemically reinforced glass, commercially known as tempered glass has a high global demand with the rapid increase in the usage of touch-screen type mobile phones and tablets. To maintain a high quality and to enable improvements of these devices the resolution, clarity and durability of tempered glass has to be improved and therefore, the selection of quality raw silica for tempered glass has become critical. Sri Lanka is one of the main exporters of silica to the world market and currently, Sri Lankan supplies mainly consist of crushed and powdered bulk unprocessed raw material. In this background, it would be prudent to export semiprocessed quartz as raw material for chemically reinforced glass. The requirements for chemically reinforced glass is a minimum value of 99.8 %, SiO2 and the maximum impurity levels of 9 ppm of Fe2O3 and 350 ppm of Al2O3 with the size requirement being 75-300 microns. In this study, sources for the production of raw material for the production of chemically reinforced glass was investigated using various types of vein quartz originating from quarries situated at Badulla in Sri Lanka. Milky, Smokey, Transparent, Rose, Mica associated and Feldspar associated quartz obtained from 7 quarries were investigated. Samples were analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) techniques for trace elements. Results of the chemical analysis showed a markedly low iron content with less than 15 ppm in transparent quartz, less than 25 ppm in milky quartz, less than 30 ppm in smokey quartz, less than 35 ppm in rose quartz, less than 30 ppm in mica associated quartz and less than 300 ppm in feldspar associated quartz. More than 700ppm of Al2O3 content was observed in feldspar associated quartz. Cr content in rose quartz was more than 700 ppb and more than 800 ppb in mica associated quartz. Smokey quartz showed a high Ni and Al2O3 contents. Milky and transparent quartz in the observed quarries showed the lowest trace element contents and their natural quality close to the requirements of chemically reinforced glass and SiO2 levels are higher than 99.8%. Further results obtained using an industrial scale pilot plant show a significant reduction of Fe content, less than 5 ppm occurring in milky quartz with size reduction carried out followed by magnetic separation and removal of fraction less than 75 micron. Processed transparent quartz and milky quartz in Badulla area can directly be exported as raw material for chemically reinforced glass. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Silica, Tempered Glass, Vein quartz en_US
dc.title Processing vein quartz in Badulla area to suit manufacturing chemically reinforced glasses en_US
dc.type Conference-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Earth Resources Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.year 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.conference International Symposium on Earth Resources Management & Environment (ISERME 2017) en_US
dc.identifier.place Wadduwa, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos pp. 101 - 102 en_US
dc.identifier.email sashiendra@yahoo.com en_US


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