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Climate-sensitive urban public space : a sustainable approach to urban heat island mitigation in Colombo, Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Mahanama, PKS Perera, NGR 2016-09-15T05:25:51Z 2016-09-15T05:25:51Z 2016-09-15
dc.description.abstract Manipulating the urban fabric is fundamental to mitigate and adapt to the warming trend in the growing high-density tropical cities. However, excessive data needs, weak analytical methods and the un-coordinated planning regimes pose barriers to achieving this aim. The main aim of the research is to bridge the gap in urban design-climate links, being translated into guidelines for real-world applicability in a background climate affected by global warming. The study is limited to the warm humid tropical climate of Colombo, Sri Lanka, as the experimental context for the research. The main research questions are related to; the microclimatic background condition under current and future warming scenario; sensitivity of the key urban morphology variables that will define and drive the decision making process; and the planning and policy implications that link climate and urban design. The study employs the Local Climate Zone (LCZ) system as a method of contextual analysis, together with LCZ-based morphology simulations (ENVI-met), utilising Mean Radiant Temperature (MRT) as the key dependent variable. Statistical analyses (SPSS) of the results test the applicability and sensitivity of urban morphological variables to help mitigate / adapt to local and global warming. The findings indicate that the Sky View Factor is the most influential urban indicator of local climate. In general, night-time shows better correlation with MRT. The nature of the Pervious Surface Cover has little or no effect on reducing MRT. And, the correlation of variables with MRT is stronger in a climatic background affected by global warming. The work contributes a ‘conceptual framework’ for the deeper understanding of the effect of building morphology on local level warming in the tropics. Policies that give effect to these findings are presented in a manner that requires minimal data input. Protocols for mapping of LCZs and relative warming effects, and sensitivity analysis of key design parameters for the mitigation of UHI in the tropics are presented. The socio-economic and planning practice implications of a LCZ-based planning approach are explored. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject ENVI-met, Global warming, Local Climate Zones, MRT, Urban Heat Island, Warm Humid Tropics en_US
dc.title Climate-sensitive urban public space : a sustainable approach to urban heat island mitigation in Colombo, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Architecture en_US PhD en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Architecture en_US 2015
dc.identifier.accno 109911 en_US

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