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Optimization of jatropha oil extraction by liquid extraction and pressing methods

Show simple item record Gunawardena, SHP 2016-08-18T12:17:10Z 2016-08-18T12:17:10Z 2016-08-18
dc.description.abstract Chlorophyll is widely extracted; 'for industrial applications and is a key topic of sCien~fic and commercial interest. A. sessilis, which is known as mukunuwenna in Sri Lanka, is one of best selections for the extraction of chlorophyll due to the good extraction efficiency, availability and low cost. In this work, the optimum operating conditions for the extraction of chlorophyll from Alternanthera sessilis using solvent extraction were studied using buffered 80% aqueous acetone. The results revealed that the best solvent volume to A. sessilis weight ratio, which gives the highest yield of chlorophyll, was 5 ml/g. The effect of temperature and the extraction time on the extraction was also studied. The optimum temperature of extraction is 50°C and the optimum time of extraction is 45 minutes. The mass transfer of chlorophyll from A. sessilis at 20°C and 30°C was modelled mathematically, using general mass transfer equations. The experimental results showed that the degradation of chlorophyll beyond the temperature of 30°C is significant. The saturation solubility of chlorophyll a was 54.06 and 107.6Ilg/m! and that for chlorophyll b was 23.13 and 29.68 ug/mlat the temperatures of 20 and 30°C respectively. Pre-processing method and the storage conditions were studied as post harvest operations for A. sessilis. The optimum method of pre processing was identified as mechanical grinding. For one day storage, refrigerator conditions (15°C) were the optimum conditions; and for a longer storage time it was the ambient air conditions (indoor) .. Sodium copper chlorophyllin has produced with a 33.3% conversion of chlorophyll and its derivatives, using a modified process. The kinetics of degradation of chlorophyll of the produced sodium copper chlorophyllin follows a first order relationship between the concentration and the time. The relationship between the rate constant and the temperature follows the Arrhenius behaviour. The activation energy for chlorophyll a and bare 3.014 and 2.78 kcal/mol respectively. The rate constants for chlorophyll a and b at different temperatures are also obtained. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Senate Research Grant en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject jatropha en_US
dc.subject Optimization of jatropha oil extraction by liquid extraction and pressing methods en_US
dc.title Optimization of jatropha oil extraction by liquid extraction and pressing methods en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical & Process Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.srgno Grant No: 227 en_US en_US

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