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A Study of irrigation water use for paddy cultivation in the dry zone of Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Wijesekera, NTS
dc.contributor.author Wickramaarachchi, TN
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-17T09:59:53Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-17T09:59:53Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/1171
dc.description.abstract Water is a scarce resource in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka and it is a major problem faced by the cultivators in the area. Since their cultivations totally depend on irrigation water, every possible effort should be put in order to optimize the water usage to achieve increased crop production. Recent reports on water management activities of several irrigation schemes in the Dry Zone indicates that the water distribution is not meeting the demands of farmers in terms of adequacy, reliability & timeliness. Further it was said that there is considerable potential to increase paddy yield in this system through improved irrigation water management, especially by efficient irrigation scheduling. Following four study areas in the Dry & Intermediate Zones were selected from different irrigation schemes authorized by the different organizations. i) Block 404 & 406 of Mahaweli system H ii) Track 1 of Rajangana Irrigation scheme iii) Ridi Bendi Ela irrigation scheme The strengths and weaknesses of the presently adopted water allocations by the above schemes were identified. Further, the cultivation practices and present water usage in three irrigation schemes were compared. The irrigation requirements according to the Irrigation Department guideline recommendations were computed for each scheme using a spread sheet model and compared with present water usage in three schemes to find out optimum solutions for irrigation water use for paddy cultivation. The comparative analysis revealed that the practices adopted in issuing water in each scheme differ resulting disparity in water usage, farmers' satisfaction on water issues and paddy yield. Considering the above comparisons, the recommendations for water issues during both land preparation & crop growth in paddy cultivation were presented pertaining to the most appropriate date of commencement and duration of the land preparation, the variation of depth of water application and frequency of irrigation during different growth stages of paddy with possible water saving techniques incorporating farmer needs. The optimum quantity of water requirement for the land preparation with maximum utilization of rainfall, most favorable quantity of water to meet the crop water requirement at different growth stages of paddy and the selection of best canal grouping to optimize the water distribution were also presented in the study.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING-Thesis ; IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT-SRILANKA ; IRRIGATION-Agricultural Applications ; PADDY CULTIVATION
dc.title A Study of irrigation water use for paddy cultivation in the dry zone of Sri Lanka
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree MPhil en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2002
dc.identifier.accno 76821 en_US


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