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Establishment of Fundamental Characteristics of Unsaturated Sri Lankan Residual Soils.

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dc.contributor.author Vasanthan, N
dc.contributor.author Idirimanna, N
dc.contributor.author Kulathilaka, SAS
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-26T03:18:52Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-26T03:18:52Z
dc.date.issued 2016-04-26
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/11673
dc.description.abstract Slope failure in tropical climates frequently occurs due to excessive rainfall. Heavy infiltration cause destruction of matric suctions, development of perched water table conditions and rise of ground water table. Severe erosion and surface destruction will also be caused by the heavy prolonged rainfall. In order to understand the threshold values of rainfall leading to instability it is necessary to model this process with a reasonable accuracy. Sri Lankan residual soil formations are formed by weathering of the metamorphic parent rock and have inherited significant abrupt variations in engineering characteristics. Basic characteristics of these soil formations such as Soil Water Characteristic Curves (SWCC), Variation of permeability with water content and unsaturated shear strength parameters are essential parameters in these analyses. These characteristics have not been established for typical residual soils forming slopes in Sri Lanka. This paper highlights the need for detailed experimental studies and presents preliminary studies that have been conducted at the NBRO laboratories to establish the characteristics of unsaturated Sri Lankan residual soils. Undisturbed samples of soil obtained from the failed slope at Welipenna in the Southern Expressway were used in this study. Direct shear tests were done by modifying the conventional apparatus by incorporating a miniature tensiometer which allows for the simple and direct measurement of soil matric suction during shearing. Soil water characteristic curves (SWCC) were also established using these apparatus. Alternatively, pressure plate apparatus was also used for this purpose. Permeability function for both wetting and drying phases were also investigated on undisturbed samples. The method is based on continuously drying and wetting the soil sample while continuously monitoring the suction gradient and the change in soil mass. The paper highlights the importance of these studies and presents the procedures that are being used. Some results obtained at this preliminary stage are also presented. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Establishment of Fundamental Characteristics of Unsaturated Sri Lankan Residual Soils. en_US
dc.type Conference-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.year 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.conference 6th Annual National Building Research Organisation (NBRO) Symposium en_US
dc.identifier.place Colombo en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos p93-p102 en_US
dc.identifier.proceeding Innovations for Resilient Environment en_US


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