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Characterization of locally available montmorillonite clay minerals to be used as nano particles

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dc.contributor.advisor Adikary, SU Wanasinghe, DD 2016-01-16T15:50:30Z 2016-01-16T15:50:30Z 2016-01-16
dc.description.abstract The research work describes the extraction of nano particles of Montmorillonite clay from local clay deposits located in the dry zone of the country, and its characterization techniques using X-Ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Differential Thermal Analysis and Thermogravimetry analysis, Scanning Electron Microscope, and particle size analysis. Montmorillonite gained an increased attention during the past decade due to the superior properties imparted in polymer-clay nano composite synthesized with nano particles of Montmorillonite. These composites synthesized in this way have superior mechanical and thermal properties compared to their bulk counterparts. At present the local demand for Montmorillonite is fulfilled by imported Montmorillonite which is a purified form of bentonite. It has been found by previous research activities, that in Sri Lankan clay deposits located in the dry region, Montmorillonite is available mixed with other minerals. The main ingredients of these deposits are Montmorillonite and kaolinite. Physically Montmorillonite and Kaolinite are so similar that they are very difficult to be separated from a mixture. However these two minerals have a difference in their specific gravities which can be used to separate the two minerals. This research describes how this separation could be carried out in detail finally leading to the extraction of Montmorillonite from local clay deposits. The clay used in the experiment underwent several purifying processes followed by characterization processes. The characterization of the final extracted clay reveals that it consists of Montmorillonite and the particle size of these falls below 100 nm. This indicates that these extracted Montmorillonite nano particles can be used to synthesize polymer-clay nano composite. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Montmorillonite, nano, extraction, clay characterization en_US
dc.title Characterization of locally available montmorillonite clay minerals to be used as nano particles en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US M.Sc. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Materials Science and Engineering en_US 2014
dc.identifier.accno 108939 en_US

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