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Acoustic design optimization of close-fitting enclosure using genetic...

Show simple item record Ehelepola, I 2015-09-16T09:52:52Z 2015-09-16T09:52:52Z 2015-09-16
dc.description.abstract Network providers are faced with significant challenges in delivering backhaul solutions. Given that solutions based on Time Division Multiplexing (TDM), is not providing improved efficiency at a reasonable cost. Thus the need for new backhaul solutions is becoming significant. With the full-IP evolution, all the mobile networks are migrated to full-IP, thus capabilities inherent to traditional TDM needs to be developed in these IP networks. Real-time applications have relatively tight timing requirements concerning delay and delay variations. Therefore, need efficient timing solution for those real-time applications. Synchronization is important aspect in networks and it is more critical in mobile networks. Loss of synchronization in mobile networks leads to call drops, mobile broadband data speed degrades and packet losses. Network equipment should be synchronized in frequency, time and time of day. To achieve the packet network based synchronization new strategies should be adopted. Else, traditional synchronization techniques is to be continued to synchronize networks. Specialized synchronization networks can deliver better and accurate performances, but that is with a higher cost. There are new technologies introduced to the industry for synchronization. Before migrating in to new technologies, analyzing these techniques against the service delivery requirement is a prerequisite. There is information available and accessible for the operators, in the areas related to developments of technical standardization proceedings, but there is clear lack of resources and information for practical implementations. There are gaps to be addressed while migration mobile networks into packet switching networks. Migration from circuit switching network to packet switching networks will break the synchronization chain. Most importantly, delivering the synchronization across the borders is required to interwork communication systems. Packet networks are asynchronous in nature therefore integrating time aware applications with packet network require correct timing at the interfaces to provide acceptable performance. Hence, special consideration and design is required in All-IP networks. Cost plays a major role in the adaptation of modern technologies to existing telecommunication networks. Hence backhauling need to be a highly cost effective. At present, the IP networks have proven to be the most cost effective and thus migrating mobile network to a full-IP based network with synchronization capability provides additional cost benefit for the network operators. In this research, technical standards and available synchronization methods are extensively evaluated. Moreover, network requirements, possibilities and limitations are also extensively analyzed. Logical behaviors are compared and analyzed for standardized synchronization techniques. Based on these analyses, implementation guidelines have been developed. The guidelines have been prepared within the overall technical framework published by ITU-T standards and it is hoped that they will be helpful for the mobile operators who wish to migrate from existing network to future proof capacity agile packet switching network. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Keywords: Packet Networks, Synchronization, Synchronous Ethernet, IEEE 1588v2. en_US
dc.title Acoustic design optimization of close-fitting enclosure using genetic... en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Electrical Engineering en_US 2014
dc.identifier.accno 108992 en_US

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