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dc.contributor.advisor Bandara, JMSJ
dc.contributor.author Amarasinghe, RPSP
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-08T09:34:37Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-08T09:34:37Z
dc.date.issued 2015-07-08
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/11010
dc.description.abstract Involvement of motor bicycle accidents as a motor bicycle occupant is one of the most common causes of serious head injuries. Use of motorcycle safety helmets has been found to be effective in reducing injuries in accidents. The protective effect of motorcycle safety helmets has been well documented in motor bicycle safety literature. Beginning from 2011, wearing safety helmets for all types of motor bicycles are mandatory in Sri Lanka. Previously these regulations were not valid for motor bicycle with low engine capacity, such as moped motor bicycles. Even though wearing bicycle safety helmets are now required for all motorcycle occupants in Sri Lanka, many child motorcycle passengers do not wear them. The objectives of this study are to investigate the effectiveness of helmet laws in Sri Lanka and the relationship between motor bicycle accidents and motorcycle helmet use. A detailed literature review on motor bicycle safety including the effectiveness of legislation and injury-prevention strategies is carried out in order to understand the current state of research on this area. Those studies indicated that children who wear helmets experienced fewer head injuries and decreased injury severity. However, there are various reasons to limited use of motorcycle helmets while some people simply do not use or reluctant to use helmets. The rate of motorcycle helmet use appeared to be varying from one geographic location to other. Community-wide helmet-promotion campaigns combined with legislation are most successful in increasing helmet use and decreasing injury. A large number of studies were based on comparisons of safety helmet use versus not use among the accidents involving motor bicycle occupants. Also, some of studies investigated characteristics and injury severity of accidents involving motor bicycle occupants. The objectives of this study are to investigate motorcycle helmet use rates and the motorcycle accidents. A representative sample of motorcycles was observed using the mobile observation method that covered all roads throughout Sri Lanka during 2011 and 2012. Roads in Sri Lanka classified as A, B, C, and D-class roads and collected data were representative samples of all these classes. In mobile observation method, while traveling inside vehicle head-on motorcycles were observed and recorded which included number of occupants in the motorcycle and the helmet usage of all the occupants. The accident severity data were obtained from the Police headquarters, Baduraliya Police Station, and Homagama Police Station while injury severity data were obtained from the, Baduraliya Hospital and Homagama Hospital. According to observational data, the average motorcycle helmet use rate was 81%. Motorcycle operators and pillions in town areas travelling on A-class roads were more likely to wear safety helmets. While the safety helmet usage was low among riders and pillions traveling in rural areas on C & D-class roadways. The helmet usage rate among children was as low as 20%, while adult helmet usage rate was 86%. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Study of motorcycle safety helmet usage rates and injury severity en_US
dc.title Study of motorcycle safety helmet usage rates and injury severity en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree MEng. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2014
dc.identifier.accno 107250 en_US


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