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Risk based optimal electricity generation planning using modern portfolio theory

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dc.contributor.advisor Nimal, PD
dc.contributor.advisor Attalage, RA Mahakalanda, I 2014-08-14T15:42:42Z 2014-08-14T15:42:42Z 2014-08-14
dc.description.abstract At present majority of electric power systems are carbon intensive, supply driven and highly centralized. A high percentage of countries still have regulated monopolized markets and utilization of fossil fuel fed power plants proliferated rapidly to bridge the supply and demand gap. Least cost and merit order methods are widely used for generation expansion planning. These methods incorporates present value based least cost generating technologies and favored by policy makers. Generally least cost method favors fossil fuel based technologies over the renewable technologies irrespective of many other benefits rendered by renewable technologies. Therefore, energy supply is susceptible to fuel price volatilities. From an energy security perspective, the economies rich with diverse natural resources such as coal, crude oil, hydro, wind and superior technologies such as nuclear transcend above others. But countries which import crude oil face severe hardships due to sudden price hikes. Presently the governments are increasingly pressurized to decarbonizes their electricity generation to combat global climate change even though low carbon emitting generating technologies impend relatively high initial capital outlays, exposing the system with greater risk from generation shortfalls. The objectives of this dissertation are to determine the most efficient portfolios that abate cost and risk and to establish a quantitative framework to determine the efficient generating portfolios from the societal perspective. It further evaluates the sensitivity of risk and expected cost when incorporating a new power generating technology to existing portfolio. Portfolio based generation planning is used to explicate the portfolio performance not only by cost (return) basis but more importantly by risk basis. Markowitz's (1952) Portfolio theory is well established, proven and robust model used in finance to determine the optimal portfolios of assets. The analysis for electricity generating technologies based on modern portfolio theory lays out a consistent framework which provides much better view into the portfolio cost and risk. Therefore, it could infer that efficient portfolios (minimum expected cost and risk) determined are in dissonance with extant generation expansion plan of Ceylon Electricity Board. Secondly, the environmental adders were incorporated to find the efficient portfolio having least societal risk. A sensitivity analysis gives the direction that the existing portfolio will move in terms of expected cost and risk when adding a new generating source to the system. It is possible to use standard deviation as a predictor as well as a variable that measures diversification of generating technologies. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Risk based optimal electricity generation planning using modern portfolio theory en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Science in Financial Mathematics en_US
dc.identifier.department Mathematics en_US 2009-10
dc.identifier.accno 102484 en_US

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