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International technology transfer of agricultural machinery for paddy cultivation: a study on Japanese food production grant

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dc.contributor.advisor Perera, HSC Fernando, TCED 2014-08-08T10:46:22Z 2014-08-08T10:46:22Z 2014-08-08
dc.description.abstract This study attempts to analyze the success and failures of international technology transfer projects of Ministry of Agriculture. An international technology transfer concepts, supporting factors and how transfer is taking place has been reviewed comprehensively. An international technology transfer projects implemented in the past have not been very successful due to selection of inappropriate technology, selection of incorrect technology supplier and lack of commitment by the transferee. The author of this dissertation uses a combined conceptual model, which is a combination of the concepts of technology capability enhancement, polytrophic components of technology, stage- gate model and seven factors, and a model of technology diffusion to analyze the success and failures of the projects in detail and found that the application is successful. The transferor's dominant role in grant aid projects has prevented the opportunities of transferee to enhance the technological capabilities up to the required level. On the other hand, transferee has performed a very poor role in the acquisition process of the technology. Other main contributory factors for not reaching the required level had been lack of knowledge and capabilities in modern technologies, and low level of commitment and poor performance of the transferee. Inadequate technology transfer has made this situation further serious, as transferee is a dependent on the transferor for various components and they are very costly. It was also noted that the transferor is selling technologies belonging to other companies and acting as a "technology broker" rather than playing the role of committed transferor. Therefore, identification of a transferor, whose motivation and role in the foreign assisted international technology transfer projects, is much more important than simply making use of the funds offered. Present guidelines and regulations enforced for the procurement of goods and services do not focus on the technological aspects to guide for successful technological transfer. As such, National Procurement Agency, which is currently under the President, needs to prepare a "comprehensive check list" for the evaluation and selection of technology suppliers and a "Steering Committee" to implement international technology transfer projects. This steering committee is in addition to the technical evaluation committee and the tender board. This concept would bring more successful and justifiable results for the investment. Any successful TT project does not necessarily produce effective knowledge transfer, unless it is effectively disseminate to stake holders, as they are independent processes. The data of Sri Lanka Integrated Survey confirms that by 1999-2000, only about 13% of agricultural households received technical assistance from a government extension agent, and landless and marginal farmers appeared even more handicapped in accessing extension services. The conceptual model of technology transfer has three broad categories surrounding the core technology. Needs assessment is the first step in determining the needs and requirements of a new or modified technology to be transferred. Secondly, the implementation process elements are vehicles that facilitate technology transfer and is noted that many international technology transfers fail at the implementation stage. The diffusion process is the final stage where individuals or groups of people decide whether or not to adopt and use the new technology. In most developing nations, given their traditional and cultural orientations, the role of the government and opinion leaders is paramount to successful diffusion of any new technology. It is concluded that the linkages and interactions between technology developers, implementation process, and diffusion activity plan, mere producing an effective transfer of new technologies to grass root levels. Dissemination is a collaborative activity, which involves set of actors, activities, organizations and institutions. The end users are varied in terms of their age, gender, ethnicity, education level, income level, and farming activity, hence diffusion of knowledge is very critical. Therefore, technologies which are very close to the end users needs and wants are quickly diffused. Agricultural extension is a systematic process which transferring knowledge from researches to farmers on numerous matters. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title International technology transfer of agricultural machinery for paddy cultivation: a study on Japanese food production grant en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Business Administration in Management of Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Management of Technology en_US 2009-12
dc.identifier.accno 100832 en_US

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